Helmets made of aluminum also appeared toward the end of the 19th century, but were much rarer because of the cost of the material.Helmet colors indicated rank or position in a specific brigade: White was reserved for Chief Engineers, black brims on white caps were worn by Fire Wardens, red helmets were worn by firemen in hook-and-ladder companies, and black hats were donned by members of engine companies.Henry Gratacap, a foreman in the New York City Fire Department, was among the most well-known early fire-helmet makers.Opening his business in 1836, Gratacap was the main producer of New York City fire hats for the next three decades.
The first fire cap design is credited to Jacobus Turck, who created the leather stovepipe-shaped hat in New York City around 1740.My understanding is this indicates the series or the year of manufacture. Does anyone have information as to what the letters mean. Renamed Cairns and Brother, the company also created the popular low-crown shape during the 1930s, which removed the shield holder entirely to shorten the cap’s peak by two inches.After World War II, chin straps and face visors were added to improve the fire cap’s protective capabilities.
Dating cairns helmet
Often stitched from tooled leather pieces, helmet shields also included painted images of hoses, ladders, or engines, depending on the unit’s assignment.An “eight-comb” fire helmet, or one made from eight stitched leather segments, was adopted by the New York City Fire Department in the late 1800s.The form was improved by Matthew Du Bois, who included iron wire along the rim to stabilize its shape and provide further heat resistance.Other fire hat styles were made from pressed felt, wool, or papier-mâché, though these were typically better for identification than protection.I have 4 original lids pre skull saver insert, pre ratchet system.